Coin Designs by Daniel Carr.

Freedom Tower Silver Dollar.

In 2004 I was contracted by National Collectors Mint (NCM), a coin marketing company, to design a "Freedom Tower Silver Dollar". After submitting the basic artwork, NCM began their marketing campaign. I disagreed with their tactics and I suspended my relationship with them. Shortly after that, New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer banned sales of the coins and imposed a fine on NCM. Four major issues were involved.

1) The gereral perception was that NCM was attemping to "cash-in" on the tragedy. In reality, the original coin was intended to commemorate ground-breaking for the new "Freedom Tower" building at the site of the twin towers. But that still didn't make it right.

2) The marketing for the coins was misleading and caused people to believe that the coins were pure (solid) silver when, if fact, most (but not all) were only silver plated.

3) NCM claimed that the coins were "created with" silver recovered from the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster site. Technically, this was true. However, all they had to do was melt one WTC recovery Silver Eagle in a larger batch of silver and use that silver for the coins.

4) NCM claimed that the coins were "Government Issue" legal-tender silver dollars. The fine print stated that the coins were legal tender of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). CNMI, however, is a protectorate of the United States and has no legal authority to issue their own money.

Publicly, issues #1 and #2 were the most widely discussed. But issue #4 was the main factor in the decision by the government to ban the coins.

After the initial ban, NCM changed their marketing tactics, taking a more low-key approach. They skirted the ban by associating the coins with the Cook Islands rather than the CNMI. The Cook Islands issues are technically legal tender.

Shortly after suspending my relationship with NCM, I also learned that the president of NCM had, in the past, been fined for marketing pornography via the US Mail. In an ironic twist to the story, Elliot Spitzer was subsequently forced to resign over a prostitution scandal.

The Wikipedia article contains information about the history and controversies surrounding these coins.

Shown below are images of the different coins issued by NCM. I created the original basic designs (note "DC" designer's initials at lower right). Legends were changed and other modifications (such as the addition of extra buildings in 2007) were made to the designs outside of my control. Sunshine Minting did the actual sculpting/engraving and striking.

These items have a collector following, in spite of (or perhaps as a result of) their controversial nature. Most collectors are aware only of the silver plated issues. I created this reference page to document the different varieties that were produced.

2004 .



2004 $1 - Type 1 (small Statue of Liberty, "In God We Trust").
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands issue.

Bronze core with "100 mil" silver plating ("clad").

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used in the plating process.

This is the issue that most collectors are familiar with. It was heavily marketed for a short period and then gained additional noteriety when sales of it were banned.

38mm diameter. Smooth edge marked "COMMONWEALTH N. MARIANA ISLANDS - WORLD TRADE CENTER RECOVERY SILVER - 100 MIL. CLAD".

Early-issue Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signatures of Barry Goldwater Jr. and Daniel Carr.

Later-issue Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only. When I suspended my relationship with NCM, I requested that they no longer use my name or signature. So NCM removed my signature from the COA.
. .

Same front/back design as 2004 clad issue.


2004 $1 - Type 1 (small Statue of Liberty, "In God We Trust").
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands issue.

Pure 999 silver core, possibly with "100 mil" silver plating. One troy ounce 999 silver total weight.

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used.

This issue is very scarce. It was not widely marketed like the clad $1 issue, and the issue price (for those who knew to ask about it) was significantly higher. Like the 2004 clad $1, it was only available for a short time before sales were banned.

38mm diameter. Smooth edge marked "COMMONWEALTH N. MARIANA ISLANDS - WORLD TRADE CENTER RECOVERY SILVER - 1 OZ .999 FINE".

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only, along with specifications indicating the pure silver (one troy ounce) content.
. .



2004 $50 - Type 1 (small Statue of Liberty, "In God We Trust").
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands issue.

Pure 9999 gold, One quarter troy ounce 9999 gold total weight.

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery gold used.

This issue is very rare (announced mintage limit 3,500). It was not widely marketed like the clad $1 issue, and the issue price (for those who knew to ask about it) was considerably higher, of course. Sales of this coin apparently were halted when sales of the 2004 $1 coins were banned.

19mm diameter. Smooth edge marked "COMMONWEALTH N. MARIANA ISLANDS .25 OZ 9999 GOLD".

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signatures of Barry Goldwater Jr. and Daniel Carr, along with specifications indicating the pure gold (1/4 troy ounce) content.
. .



2004 $25 - Type 2 (large Statue of Liberty, "In God We Trust").
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands issue.

Pure 9999 gold, One quarter troy ounce 9999 gold total weight.

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery gold used.

This issue is rare (announced mintage limit 3,500). It was not widely marketed like the clad $1 issue, and the issue price (for those who knew to ask about it) was considerably higher, of course. Sales of this coin apparently were halted when sales of the 2004 $1 coins were banned.

19mm diameter. Smooth edge marked "COMMONWEALTH N. MARIANA ISLANDS .25 OZ 9999 GOLD".

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only, along with specifications indicating the pure gold (1/4 troy ounce) content.
2005 .



2005 $1 - Type 3 (large Statue of Liberty, "Let Freedom Ring").
Cook Islands issue.

Bronze core with "100 mil" silver plating ("clad").

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used in the plating process.

This issue is also known to many collectors. It is designated as non-circulating legal-tender of the Cook Islands. But since the Cook Islands issue their own independent currency (unlike the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands which legally must use only US Dollars), this issue was not banned by the US government.

38mm diameter. Smooth edge (no edge marking).

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only.
. .

Same front/back design as 2005 clad issue.


2005 $1 - Type 3 (large Statue of Liberty, "Let Freedom Ring").
Cook Islands issue.
Pure 999 silver core, possibly with "100 mil" silver plating. One troy ounce 999 silver total weight.

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used.

This issue is somewhat scarce. It was not widely marketed like the clad $1 issue, and the issue price (for those who knew to ask about it) was significantly higher.

38mm diameter. Partially-reeded edge marked "1 TROY OZ. .999 FINE SILVER".

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only, along with specifications indicating the pure silver (one troy ounce) content.
2006 .

Same front/back/edge design as 2005 clad issue,
except with "2006" date.

2006 $1 - Type 3 (large Statue of Liberty, "Let Freedom Ring").
Cook Islands issue.

Bronze core with "100 mil" silver plating ("clad").

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used in the plating process.

This issue is also known to many collectors. It is designated as non-circulating legal-tender of the Cook Islands. But since the Cook Islands issue their own independent currency (unlike the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands which legally must use only US Dollars), this issue was not banned by the US government.

38mm diameter. Smooth edge (no edge marking).

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only.
. .

Same front/back/edge design as 2005 solid silver issue,
except with "2006" date.

2006 $1 - Type 3 (large Statue of Liberty, "Let Freedom Ring").
Cook Islands issue.

Pure 999 silver core, possibly with "100 mil" silver plating. One troy ounce 999 silver total weight.

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used.

This issue is somewhat scarce. It was not widely marketed like the clad $1 issue, and the issue price (for those who knew to ask about it) was significantly higher.

38mm diameter. Partially-reeded edge marked "1 TROY OZ. .999 FINE SILVER".

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only, along with specifications indicating the pure silver (one troy ounce) content.
2007 & 2008 .



2007 & 2008 $1 - Type 4 (large Statue of Liberty, extra buildings).
Cook Islands issue.

Bronze core with "100 mil" silver plating ("clad").

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used in the plating process.

This issue is also known to many collectors. It is designated as non-circulating legal-tender of the Cook Islands. But since the Cook Islands issue their own independent currency (unlike the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands which legally must use only US Dollars), this issue was not banned by the US government.

38mm diameter. Smooth edge (no edge marking).

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only.
. .

Same front/back design as 2007-2008 clad issue.


2007 & 2008 $1 - Type 4 (large Statue of Liberty, extra buildings).
Cook Islands issue.

Pure 999 silver core, possibly with "100 mil" silver plating. One troy ounce 999 silver total weight.

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used.

This issue is somewhat scarce. It was not widely marketed like the clad $1 issue, and the issue price (for those who knew to ask about it) was significantly higher.

38mm diameter. Partially-reeded edge marked "1 TROY OZ. .999 FINE SILVER".

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only, along with specifications indicating the pure silver (one troy ounce) content.
2009 .


Other side same as 2007-2008 issue.
Plain smooth edge.

2009 $1 - Type 5 (Re-engraved, large Statue of Liberty, extra buildings, ray passes above "O" in "ONE", larger letters in "FREEDOM TOWER").
Cook Islands issue.

Bronze core with "100 mil" silver plating ("clad").

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used in the plating process.

This issue is also known to many collectors. It is designated as non-circulating legal-tender of the Cook Islands. But since the Cook Islands issue their own independent currency (unlike the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands which legally must use only US Dollars), this issue was not banned by the US government.

38mm diameter. Smooth edge (no edge marking).

Same certificate as 2007-2008 clad issue, but with a "2009" date.

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only.
. .

Same front/back design as 2009 clad issue.

2009 $1 - Type 5 (Re-engraved, large Statue of Liberty, extra buildings, ray passes above "O" in "ONE", larger letters in "FREEDOM TOWER").
Cook Islands issue.

Pure 999 silver core, possibly with "100 mil" silver plating. One troy ounce 999 silver total weight.

Unknown quantity of World Trade Center recovery silver used.

This issue is somewhat scarce. It was not widely marketed like the clad $1 issue, and the issue price (for those who knew to ask about it) was significantly higher.

38mm diameter. Partially-reeded edge marked ".999 F.S." (999 Fine Silver).

Same certificate as 2007-2008 solid silver issue, but with a "2009" date.

Certificate of Authenticity showing facsimile signature of Barry Goldwater Jr. only, along with specifications indicating the pure silver (one troy ounce) content.
PACKAGING .

Single $1 packaging - capsule and case.

Double $1 set packaging - capsules and case.

Single $50/$25 packaging - capsule with white foam rubber gasket and case.


Coin Designs Home


Designs Computed home